Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in a respectable vaishya family of Porbandar state in Kathiawar. His parents were well-to-do people; His father Karamchand Uttam Chand Gandhi held a high and responsible post in the Porbandar state. essay on mahatma Gandhi in English
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He received his early education at the local primary and high schools. After passing the entrance examination, he went to England to qualify himself for the legal profession. He was truthful and honest from his very childhood. He was very careful about his character. essay on Gandhiji



After qualifying himself for the legal profession, he returned to India and started practice in the Bombay high court. He went to a natal in South Africa to appear in the case of his client. There he saw how the Indians were subjected to utter humiliation by the European population of South Africa. He established the natal Indian Congress. Under its auspices, he led agitation for the removal of those disabilities from which the Indians were suffering. He invented the new weapon of Satyagraha.  He fought with this weapon tenaciously. He suffered imprisonment but he stuck to his resolve. His efforts met with great success there. essay on mahatma Gandhi in English

The European indigo planters in Bihar were oppressing the tenants very much. Mahatma Gandhi transferred his activities to mother. He took up the cause of the indigo cultivators. His intervention brought about a settlement between them.


Mahatma Gandhi started his non-cooperation movement in 1921. Since then he led the Indian national congress. The Indian national congress went on to gain strength under his able guidance. He led various struggles from time to time for the independence of the country. The country reached its goal under his able guidance.
mahatma Gandhi essay in English



Mahatma Gandhi was the greatest son of India. Nay, he was one of the greatest men the world has ever produced. He was great not because of his politics. His greatness lies in his moral outlook on life. The truth was not a virtue or ideal for him with the invincible power he possessed. He feared nobody. He was prepared to face the mightiest power of the earth for the cause of truth and justice. He made an intensive study of the Gita and followed its teachings in practical life. essay on mahatma Gandhi in English

Mahatma Gandhi succeeded in bringing about the political salvation of India. He wanted to see the supremacy of truth and non-violence in the whole world. Unfortunately, the world is inclined otherwise today. But the future of the world can be safe only when it follows the path shown by him. Any other course is perilous. essay on Gandhiji


He was shot dead while going to attend a prayer meeting on the 30th of January, 1948 in Delhi. India, nay, the whole world is poorer today on account of his death.

Essay On Mahatma Gandhi 

Mahatma Gandhi, the priest of non-violence, the ‘Father of the Nation’

Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas’s mother’s name was Putlibai, who was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas was the last child of his father’s fourth wife. Mahatma Gandhi is considered the leader of the Indian national movement against British rule and the ‘Father of the Nation’. essay on Gandhiji

Gandhi’s family-

Gandhi’s mother Putlibai was highly religious. His daily routine was divided into home and temple. She used to fast regularly and when someone in the family fell ill, she used to do service day and night in Sushrusha. Mohandas was brought up in the Rame family in Vaishnavism and was deeply influenced by the hard policies of Jainism. Whose main principles are non-violence and consider all the things of the world as eternal. Thus, they naturally adopted non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance among believers of different sects. essay on mahatma Gandhi in English

As a student, Gandhiji –

Mohandas was an average student, although he occasionally won awards and scholarships. He was not fast in both studies and sports. He liked serving a sick father, helping his mother with household chores, and going on long walks alone when she got time. In his own words – ‘Learned to obey the orders of the elders, not to make fun of them.’ essay on Gandhiji

His adolescence was no more bustling than most children in his age group. After every such stupidity, he would promise ‘I will never do this again’ and remained firm on his promise. They adopted mythological Hindu heroes like Prahlad and Harishchandra as living ideals, symbols of truth and sacrifice. When Gandhi was only thirteen years old and studying in school, he was married to Kasturba, the daughter of a merchant of Porbandar.

Young Gandhiji –

In 1887, Mohandas somehow passed the matriculation examination of ‘Mumbai University’ and enrolled in ‘Samaldas College’ located in Bhavnagar. Suddenly moving from Gujarati to the English language, he started having some difficulty understanding the lectures. Meanwhile, discussions were going on in his family about his future. Had the decision been left to him, he would have wanted to become a doctor. But the Vaishnava family was not allowed to tear up. At the same time, it was also clear that if he had to follow the family tradition of attaining a high position in the royal family of Gujarat, he would have to become a barrister and Gandhiji had to go to England. essay on mahatma Gandhi in English

Even so, Gandhiji’s mind was not feeling anything special in his ‘Samaldas College’, so he readily accepted this offer. His young mind had an image of England as ‘the land of philosophers and poets, the center of all civilization’. He reached London in September 1888. Ten days after arriving there, he entered the Inner Temple, one of the four law colleges in London. essay on Gandhiji

In 1906 the Tanswal government issued a particularly derogatory ordinance for the registration of the Indian population of South Africa. The Indians organized a protest public meeting under Gandhi in Johannesburg in September 1906 and took an oath to violate this ordinance and face the consequences as a result. Thus was born Satyagraha, which was a new technique of facing pain instead of inflicting it, resisting maliciously, and fighting it without violence.

mahatma Gandhi essay in English

This was followed by conflict in South Africa for more than seven years. It had its ups and downs, but under Gandhi’s leadership,, the small community of Indian minorities continued to struggle against their powerful opponents. Hundreds of Indians preferred to sacrifice their livelihood and freedom rather than bowing down to this law which hurt their self-esteem. essay on Gandhiji

When Gandhi returned to India –

Gandhi returned to India in 1914. The countrymen gave him a grand welcome and started calling him Mahatma. He spent the next four years studying the Indian situation and preparing people who could support him in removing the social and political evils prevalent in India through Satyagraha. essay on mahatma Gandhi in English

In February 1919, he opposed the British on the Rowlatt Act law made by the British, under which there was a provision to send any person to jail without trial. Then Gandhiji announced the Satyagraha movement. This resulted in a political earthquake that shook the entire subcontinent in the spring of 1919.

Inspired by this success, Mahatma Gandhi continued his opposition to satyagraha and non-violence in other campaigns for Indian independence, such as the ‘Non-cooperation Movement’, the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement, the ‘Dandi Yatra’ and the ‘Quit India Movement. Due to all these efforts of Gandhiji, India got independence on 15 August 1947.
mahatma Gandhi essay in English

Epilogue –

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. He gained international fame for his theory of non-violent protest to achieve political and social progress. essay on Gandhiji

Even before Mahatma Gandhi, people knew about peace and non-violence, but the way he forced the British to leave India following the paths of Satyagraha, peace and non-violence, no other example of this is seen in world history. . That is why the United Nations has also declared Gandhi Jayanti to be celebrated as ‘World Non-Violence Day’ from the year 2007. essay on mahatma Gandhi in English

The eminent scientist Einstein had said about Gandhiji that- ‘The generations to come after a thousand years will hardly believe that such a human being made of flesh and blood had ever come to earth.
mahatma Gandhi essay in English

On the world stage, Mahatma Gandhi is not just a name but a symbol of peace and non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi, rich in such a great personality, was shot dead by Nathuram Godse at Birla Bhawan in New Delhi on January 30, 1948. essay on Gandhiji

May his soul rest in peace.

Faq’s On Mahatma Gandhi

  1. What is the essay on Mahatma Gandhi?

Answer: Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi was a great patriotic Indian, if not the greatest. He was a man of an unbelievably great personality. He certainly does not need anyone like me praising him. Furthermore, his efforts for Indian independence are unparalleled.

  1. How do you write 10 lines on Mahatma Gandhi?

Answer: 1) Mahatma Gandhi had born in a Hindu family on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. 2) His father Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi was Diwan of Porbandar. 3) Mahatma Gandhi married Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in May 1883.

  1. Why Mahatma Gandhi is your favorite leader?

Answer: He fought for the rights of the Indians living there. He was a very simple man. His sympathy and love for the underprivileged inspired him to fight for them. In 1913, Mahatma Gandhi came back to India.

  1. What is the full name of Gandhi?

Answer: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi was a major political and spiritual leader of India who led the country in the non-cooperation movement in 1922 and the Salt march in 1930, and later in the Quit India movement in 1942 during its struggle for independence.


5 Who is Mahatma Gandhi in simple words?

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.


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